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Conditions: BPH

Taking a Look at BPH

Minimally Invasive Therapies

These treatments are riskier than medications, but they can also be more effective. They often involve using heat or lasers to reduce prostate tissue.

Heat treatments include:

  • Transurethral microwave thermotherapy of the prostate (TUMT). This treatment sends computer-regulated microwaves through a catheter to heat areas of the prostate. The heated tissue then shrivels away. (A cooling system protects the urethra.)
  • Transurethral radio frequency needle ablation of the prostate (TUNA). Like TUMT, TUNA involves heating prostate tissue and making it shrink. However, this technique uses radio frequency energy delivered through needles inserted into the prostate itself.

Laser treatments include:

  • Holium laser treatment. A surgeon uses an instrument called a resectoscope, through which a holium: YAG laser vaporizes prostate cells.
  • Interstitial laser coagulation. In this procedure, prostate tissue is burned away by laser energy sent through a cytoscope.

Stenting is another minimally invasive option. This involves placing a stent (similar to a spring) into the urethra to keep it open.

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