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CDC: Zika Virus Can Be Sexually Transmitted

Feb 23, 2016

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    According to information published by the CDC on February 5th, two cases of likely sexual transmission involved men who had symptoms. A third case occurred before a man started having symptoms.</p>
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    The medical community is still learning about Zika virus and its sexual transmission. Right now, men who have traveled to an area where the virus is active are urged to use condoms, especially if they have sex with a pregnant partner. Condoms may reduce the risk of transmission, but abstaining from sex is the only surefire way to avoid spreading Zika virus.</p>
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    The virus can be present in semen, even longer than in blood, experts say. However, it is unclear exactly how long the virus can remain in semen, so men with pregnant partners should use condoms throughout the pregnancy.</p>
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    Pregnant women should ask their partners about their recent travel and possible exposure to the virus. If there is any doubt, condoms should be used or the couple should abstain from having sex.</p>
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    Scientist do not know whether women with the virus can transmit it to their partners.</p>
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    It is important that condoms be used correctly with every instance of vaginal, anal, or oral sex, notes the CDC. (More information on proper condom use may be found <a href="http://www.sexhealthmatters.org/news/condom-use-errors">here.</a>)</p>
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    People who have any concerns about Zika virus are encouraged to speak to their healthcare provider. Updated information is also available on the <a href="http://www.cdc.gov/zika/">CDC&rsquo;s Zika virus website.</a></p>
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    Print this article or view it as a PDF file here:&nbsp;<a href="http://www.sexhealthmatters.org/images/uploads/SHM – Headlines – CDC- Zika Virus Can Be Sexually Transmitted 02-24-16.pdf" target="_blank">CDC: Zika Virus Can Be Sexually Transmitted</a></p>
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    <strong>Resources</strong></p>
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    <em><u>U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention</u></em></p>
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    &ldquo;Facts about Microcephaly&rdquo;</p>
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    (Page last updated: February 12, 2016)</p>
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    <a href="http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/birthdefects/microcephaly.html">http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/birthdefects/microcephaly.html</a></p>
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    &ldquo;Interim Guidelines for Prevention of Sexual Transmission of Zika Virus &mdash; United States, 2016&rdquo;</p>
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    (February 12, 2016)</p>
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    <a href="http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/65/wr/mm6505e1.htm">http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/65/wr/mm6505e1.htm</a></p>
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    &ldquo;Questions and Answers: Zika and Sexual Transmission&rdquo;</p>
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    (Page last updated: February 5, 2016)</p>
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    <a href="http://www.cdc.gov/zika/hc-providers/qa-sexual-transmission.html">http://www.cdc.gov/zika/hc-providers/qa-sexual-transmission.html</a></p>
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    &ldquo;Zika Travel Information&rdquo;</p>
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    (Page last updated: February 18, 2016)</p>
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    <a href="http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/page/zika-information">http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/page/zika-information</a></p>
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    &ldquo;Zika Virus&rdquo;</p>
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    (Page last updated: February 18, 2016)</p>
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    <a href="http://www.cdc.gov/zika/index.html">http://www.cdc.gov/zika/index.html</a></p>
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    <em><u>Medscape Multispecialty</u></em></p>
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    Lowes, Robert</p>
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    &ldquo;DC Update: Sex Precautions to Prevent Zika Virus&rdquo;</p>
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    (February 12, 2016)</p>
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    <a href="http://www.medscape.org/viewarticle/857831?src=wnl_edit_tpal">http://www.medscape.org/viewarticle/857831?src=wnl_edit_tpal</a></p>
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    <em><u>National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke</u></em></p>
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    &ldquo;Guillain-Barr&eacute; Syndrome Fact Sheet&rdquo;</p>
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    (Page last modified: November 19, 2015)</p>
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    <a href="http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/gbs/detail_gbs.htm">http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/gbs/detail_gbs.htm</a></p>

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