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Conditions: Prostate Cancer

Overview - Prostate Cancer

The prostate is a small walnut-sized gland located below your bladder that surrounds your urethra. It produces prostatic fluid that mixes with fluid from your seminal vesicles to form semen. Sperm is carried through tubes from your testicles to the prostate where it mixes with semen. As men age the prostate grows often causing obstruction; this is referred to as BPH (benign prostatic hyperplasia).

Unfortunately the prostate may also develop cancer. In 1 in 6 men, cancer cells grow in the prostate gland and form a malignant tumor.

Incidence and prevalence

Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed form of cancer in American males. It is relatively rare in men under age 45 years, but your risk increases as you age. Nearly two-thirds of prostate cancers are diagnosed in men over the age of 65 years. According to Us Too (, a prostate cancer education and support group, each year over 230,000 men are diagnosed with prostate cancer and approximately 30,000 men die from it. If it is detected early, it is highly treatable. However, many men don’t know they have prostate cancer until it has progressed. As a result, prostate cancer is now the second leading cause of cancer death in the US.

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