Search For a Provider Facebook Twitter Instagram YouTube ES View the Patient Toolkit


Similarities Found Among Transgender and Cisgender Children

Similarities Found Among Transgender and Cisgender Children A child’s assigned gender at birth, and that child’s early birth gender experiences, don’t always mean a child will identify as that gender later on, according to new research in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS).

Currently, there are thousands of children who have socially transitioned from their birth gender to their preferred gender. During this process, some start using different names or pronouns. Many choose clothing, hair styles, and toys that are typically associated with their targeted gender.

The study is one of the first of its kind, as it investigates gender development in children who have experienced living as the gender they were assigned at birth and the preferred gender that they transitioned to.

Researchers compared three groups of children, who ranged in age from 3 to 12:

  • 317 transgender children (208 transgender girls and 109 transgender boys)
  • 189 cisgender siblings (82 girls and 107 boys) who were closest in age to the transgender children
  • 316 cisgender children who were not related to the transgender children or their siblings (207 girls and 109 boys)

(Note: The term transgender refers to people whose gender identity does not align with their assigned birth gender. For instance, transgender boys are genetically female, but identify as males. Transgender girls are genetically male, but identify as females. The term cisgender refers to people who identify as the gender that was assigned to them at birth.)

Members of the research team met with the children and their parents. The children underwent a series of tasks involving toys and clothing preferences. Children and parents also answered questions about gender identity.

1 2 Next » (page 1 of 2)